KAP survey on Infant and Young Child Feeding in Michika Local Government, North East Nigeria

Country: Nigeria
Organization: Plan International
Closing date: 26 Feb 2021

Plan International Nigeria is looking for external resource person (consultant) to conduct end line KAP survey on IYCF in targeted communities of Michika Local Government of Adamawa State, North East Nigeria.

Main Objectives: To determine Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of key Infant and Young Children Feeding practice of children under two years in targeted LGA of Adamawa State of North East Nigeria that will be used to compare the findings with the baseline resultas and results key impact. The specific objectives of this survey are:

  • To determine the status of IYCF practices of mothers of children under 24 months of age in IYCF intervention in each community of targeted LGA and compare information with baseline line results.
  • To collect information about potential determinants of IYCF practices such as demographic characteristics, IYCF-related knowledge, beliefs and behaviors and compare them with baseline results.

Evaluation Criteria

a. Relevance

i. To what extent has the project addressed the needs and demands of the project participant in a disaggregated manner (according to relevant data requirements)?

ii. What has been the contribution of the project (Nutrition) towards the achievement of the BMZ Resilience Programme’s objectives and goals?

b. Effectiveness

i. IYCF assessments should evaluate the coverage of ongoing IYCF programmes. For example, have care givers received any form of IYCF counselling, one on one or in groups and or sensitization session during the period of project implementation?

ii. To what extent have project participants (Health workers, community and religious leaders, Lead fathers and Volunteer lead mothers) utilized the trainings on IYCF and CMAM?

iii. What were the effects of the project on project participant including both men and women?

iv. What were the achievements of the project against the baseline set at programme inception (in both qualitative and quantitative terms)?

c. Efficiency

i. How efficient were the mechanisms used (training + tools) for program implementation?

ii. What were the factors and constraints, which affected project implementation including technical, managerial, organizational, institutional and socio-economic policy issues in addition to other external factors unforeseen during the project design?

d. Coherence

i. To what extent were context factors (political stability/instability, population movements etc.) considered in the design and delivery of the intervention?

e. Sustainability and Impact

i. What are the preliminary indications of the degree to which the project results are likely to be sustainable beyond the project’s lifetime (both at the community and government level) and provide recommendations for strengthening sustainability?

ii. How sustainable are the project interventions in terms of their effect on under-fives and caregivers?

iii. What was the level of satisfaction and the contributions provided by key-stakeholders of this intervention (e.g Health care agencies?

iv. Is the approach used likely to ensure a continued benefit after the end of the project?

f. Lessons learnt

i. Analyze areas for improved program planning, especially with respect to setting targets, relevance and capacity of institutions for project decision making and delivery.

Evaluation Questions

Questions should be set around the following;

  1. Early initiation of breastfeeding

  2. Exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months

  3. Continued breastfeeding at one year

  4. Continued breastfeeding at two years

  5. Minimum Acceptable Diet

  6. IYCF support of any kind during project implementation

Child rights, gender and inclusion

In line with Plan International’s values and organisational ambition, all evaluations should seek to prioritise a focus on child rights, gender and inclusion and trying to understand the extent to which the project or programme applied gender and inclusion sensitive approaches and explicitly aimed for results that improve the rights of children and young people and gender equality.

All other evaluation questions prioritised should also seek to mainstream child rights, gender and inclusion considerations as a part of their enquiry.

1. Users of the Evaluation

All Evaluation findings is intended to be presented to Plan International staff and offices, project participant and stakeholders, donors, and partners. It is our hope that this will provide an in-depth insight into program achievement and serve as a guide for stakeholders and partners in the implementation of future projects related to Infant and young child Nutrition. A detailed dissemination plan will be designed by Plan international.

2. Methods for Data Collection and Analysis

The end-line assessment will adopt a consultative and participative approach, which will include field visits to project sites and meetings with communities/direct project participants to collect first-hand information. The mission will meet with those involved in the implementation of the project (PLAN project team) and those who are directly or indirectly affected by the project (PLW, Volunteer lead mothers, Care group Promoters, CHEWs and JCHEWs ASPHDA, Community leaders, Head of households, etc).

The assessment will be conducted in 10 communities in Adamawa state – located in Michika LGA (Kudzum, Delichim, Bazza, Wotu, Kuburshosho, Yamue, Warambugge, Waranke, Mbororo, Vi).

The end-line assessment team shall consist of staff of the consultant and PLAN staff. The data collection tools will be jointly designed and/or reviewed by the assessment team to ensure appropriateness of the tools and adaptation to context.

A qualitative and quantitative survey will be conducted using appropriate methodological study design with gender transformative approach in targeted Michika Local Government Area of Adamawa State of North East Nigeria to determine the outcomes of the project activities already delivered. The consultant will also conduct a comprehensive desk review of relevant documents, develop appropriate data collection tools with appropriate study design, sample size determination and sampling technique. The consultant will submit a draft methodology to Plan international for approval.

The methodology will include but will not be limited to:

· Review of previous baseline survey

· Focus group discussions

· Key stakeholder (Informant) interviews

· Secondary data review of UNICEF NNHS in Adamawa states.

· Programme staff interviews

· Literature review

Analysis of existing data (project quarterly reports, updated log frame, M&E plan)**


Probability: simple random sampling was used to select households at the clusters, the clusters were also selected randomly but using PPS factors.

Purposive: This was used for key informant interviews and the selected FGDs

Participant selection and recruitment

The target population considered will be mothers/caregivers and their children 0-23 months of age in Michika LGA. Children 0-23 months old will be targeted because this is the window period for implementing appropriate infant and young child feeding otherwise the adverse consequences of inappropriate feeding may be irreversible after this period. **

Ethics and Child Protection

Plan International’s Safeguarding Children and Young People Policy represents a serious commitment by the organization to hold ourselves accountable to children and young people, ensuring that they feel safe and protected with us and those who represent Plan International at all times. Everyone working with and associated with Plan is expected to adhere to the provisions of the policy. This means always acting appropriately with children and young people, assessing and reducing risks to children and young people in all our operations and activities including research and studies, and taking appropriate action in line with global and local procedures to report and respond to concerns about a child or young person’s welfare. Plan International takes stringent measures against any Plan staff, associate, or visitor who breaches this policy.

The study will involve data collection with young people, and therefore, must ensure appropriate, safe, non-discriminatory participation; stressing all young women’s and young men’s views are collected; a process of free and un-coerced consent and withdrawal; confidentiality and anonymity of participants. Environments and working methods should be adapted to the capacities of children and young people; time and resources should be made available to ensure that young men and women are adequately prepared and have the confidence and opportunity to contribute their views.

Other Ethics that consultant/s should adhere to includes the following;

· All terms/conditions stipulated in the contract agreement.

· IYCF Survey Proposal must be reviewed and approved by Nutrition Sector and state Primary health and development agency

· Conducting them in a respectful manner, while undertaking assignment, this includes not making any commitments to communities and any other persons, on behalf of Plan International Nigeria.

· Time-frame and conditions outlined in the TOR and consultancy agreement

Plan International is committed to ensuring that the rights of those participating in data collection or analysis are respected and protected, in accordance with Ethical MERL Framework and our Child and Youth Safeguarding Policy. All applicants should include details in their proposal on how they will ensure ethics and child protection in the data collection process. Specifically, the consultant(s) shall explain how appropriate, safe, non-discriminatory participation of all stakeholders will be ensured and how special attention will be paid to the needs of children and other vulnerable groups. The consultant(s) shall also explain how confidentiality and anonymity of participants will be guaranteed.

Key Deliverables Deliverable Format Length Due Detail


Inception Report Face-to-face 1 Hour 01/03/2021 Provision of Inception Report

Draft Evaluation Repor Hard /soft copy 10 Pages 01/05/2021 Provision of Draft Evaluation Report

Final Evaluation Report Hard /Soft Copy 50 pages 31/05/2021 Presentation of Final Eva. report

Final Data Collection Tools Hard /Soft Copy NA 03/03/2021 Final Data Collection Tools

Cleaned Data (including transcripts) Soft copy NA 15/03/2021 Cleaned Data (including transcripts)

Completed Consent Forms Hard Copies Same as Sample size

30/04/2021 Completed Consent Forms Other Communication Products for Dissemination, Hard Copies/Soft Copies

NA – 31/05/2021 Other Communication Products for Dissemination

How to apply:


Interested applicants should provide a proposal covering the following aspects:

  • Detailed response to the TOR

  • Proposed methodology

  • Ethics and child safeguarding approaches, including any identified risks and associated mitigation strategies

  • Proposed timelines

  • CVs

  • Example of previous work

  • Detailed budget, including daily fee rates, expenses, taxes etc.

  • Police Certificates of Good Conduct – especially where there is primary data collection

Please send your application to Plan International Nigeria by referencing “Evaluation for BMZ” in the subject line, and including support documents as outline to [email protected] on or before Friday 26 Februrary 2021.